If Love Is A Matter Of The Heart, Why Does Your Brain Get High When Your Favorite Person Is Around?
Who doesn’t get butterflies in their stomach and get all giddy when someone they like is nearby? Love itself is a mysterious thing, and there’s no doubt about it. But how does a person really fall in love, and what makes us stay in love with our special someone? There are thousands of questions that are still left unanswered by experts all over the world, but scientists from different fields are working on what makes being in love… well, being in love?
Where in the brain is love?
In the year 2000, two scientists from University College London set out to find out what love is and where exactly in the brain is love. They studied the brain scans of many people who said that they were genuinely, truly, and madly in love with their significant other.
The findings of the study revealed that whenever they saw a photo of their partner, a specific area in their brains lit up. That area was the medial insula, the anterior cingulate cortex, and some segments of the dorsal striatum.
How does love affect our minds?
Some hypotheses relate the activation and deactivation of some specific brain areas with having relation to certain behaviors and attitudes while taking into account romantic love. When a subject was asked to think romantically of their partner, some areas rich in neuromodulator got activated immediately.
Those areas were associated with addiction, reward, desire, and some euphoric states, which is known as dopamine. Researchers said that people who are in love get a constant high because the presence of dopamine makes them get in touch with the other person, further strengthening the existing relationship.
Do desire and love light up the same areas of the brain?
One of the main things that pop up in everyone’s minds when they think about romantic love is physical attraction. There are countless relationships in which love and physical attraction go hand in hand, but do both of these light up the same parts of the brain?
According to a psychiatrist and neuroscientist named Stephanie Cacioppo, Ph.D., there are overlaps in love and desire since they light up some parts of the human brain at the same time. In a study she co-authored in 2012, they concluded that when a subject was shown a picture that they found sexually arousing, certain parts of their brain, which usually get activated due to romantic affection, also became active.
But that’s not always the case…
Meanwhile, another study conducted in 2012 has shown that although both things overlap when it comes to brain activity in the area called the striatum, they each stimulate specific and different parts.
Researchers explained that desire stimulates parts of the striatum connected to “automatic” reward responses, like eating, drinking, and making love. Genuine love, on the other hand, stimulates the parts of the striatum connected to “learned” reward responses—or those things we come to correlate with pleasurable sensations in time as well as experience.
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